Texarkana, TX 48° View Live Radar Mon H 50° L 28° Tue H 56° L 42° Wed H 55° L 45° Weather Sponsored By:

Betting on the wrong side in the Middle East

Betting on the wrong side in the Middle East

December 7th, 2018 by Michael R. Strain/Bloomberg View in Opinion Columns

Taking sides among the conflicting factions in the bewildering and dangerous Middle East undercuts the United States' potential to act as a stabilizing peacemaker. This is especially true with regard to two of the most volatile and competitive players, Iran and Saudi Arabia.

However, to the extent that we have chosen a side, we have chosen the wrong one.

As many have noted, President Donald Trump appears to have an attraction to the strong autocratic regimes that are on the rise worldwide. If you're looking for a telling global index on the state of tyranny, observe the warm, smug greeting between Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and Russian President Vladimir Putin at the G-20. Neither leader appears to be even slightly embarrassed by the fact that both have murdered their critics.

Uncomfortable politics at home spared us the spectacle of Trump joining in the laughing, glad-handing reunion between M.S.B. and Putin. But Trump's commitment to Saudi Arabia is clear, and one has the feeling that the attraction goes beyond oil and arms sales.

But Trump's preference for Saudi Arabia over Iran is shortsighted. His administration is unlikely to understand in a meaningful way the long-time rivalry between these antagonists, one Shia and Persian, the other Sunni and Arab. It is unlikely to take into account their deep cultural and historical differences or accurately evaluate the long-term potential for each to contribute to Middle Eastern stability.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia dates only to 1932, and its current prominence is an accident of geography, which located the country above extensive petroleum reserves. It's never been anything but a monarchy. The royal family maintains power by means of its vast wealth, brutal repression, torture and imprisonment without due process.

It is a country that discriminates against women and punishes its subjects with public decapitation and brutal corporal punishments of up to a thousand lashes. Occasionally Saudi subjects are stoned for adultery or suffer amputations for crimes such as theft.

And it's highly likely that M.S.B. had prominent critic Jamal Khashoggi murdered and dismembered.

By no means does Iran have clean hands in the Middle East, nor does it have a good record on human rights. Since 1979, it's been ruled by a repressive theocracy whose meddlesome ways have fostered instability and suffering.

On the other hand, Iranians look back with pride on two past millennia that include the great Persian empires of Cyrus and Xerxes. And modern Iranian history reflects serious inclinations toward democracy that date back at least to its revolution in 1906, which replaced a dynasty with a constitution and parliament.

Unfortunately democracy in Iran was thwarted by petroleum-hungry powers, first the British in 1921 and then the United States in 1953. For most of the 20th century Iran was ruled by an autocratic shah maintained by the U.S. as a bulwark against communism. The shah's repressive, corrupt regime made the 1979 revolution almost inevitable. But the 40 years since are only a brief episode in Iran's long history.

Women have more freedom in Iran, and the results of recent elections, as well as the extensive protests of 2009, indicate a prominent attraction among Iranians for moderation and openness.

Which of these two countries, Iran or Saudi Arabia, is more likely to respond to deft diplomacy?

A United States commitment to either side in the growing competition between Saudi Arabia and Iran for hegemony in the Middle East threatens the helpful balance of power between these two rivals and makes armed conflict more likely.

But if we're going to choose sides, let's not choose the wrong one.

Getting Started/Comments Policy

Getting started

  1. 1. If you frequently comment on news websites then you may already have a Disqus account. If so, click the "Login" button at the top right of the comment widget and choose whether you'd rather log in with Facebook, Twitter, Google, or a Disqus account.
  2. 2. If you've forgotten your password, Disqus will email you a link that will allow you to create a new one. Easy!
  3. 3. If you're not a member yet, Disqus will go ahead and register you. It's seamless and takes about 10 seconds.
  4. 4. To register, either go through the login process or just click in the box that says "join the discussion," type your comment, and either choose a social media platform to log you in or create a Disqus account with your email address.
  5. 5. If you use Twitter, Facebook or Google to log in, you will need to stay logged into that platform in order to comment. If you create a Disqus account instead, you'll need to remember your Disqus password. Either way, you can change your display name if you'd rather not show off your real name.
  6. 6. Don't be a huge jerk or do anything illegal, and you'll be fine.

Texarkana Gazette Comments Policy

The Texarkana Gazette web sites include interactive areas in which users can express opinions and share ideas and information. We cannot and do not monitor all of the material submitted to the website. Additionally, we do not control, and are not responsible for, content submitted by users. By using the web sites, you may be exposed to content that you may find offensive, indecent, inaccurate, misleading, or otherwise objectionable. You agree that you must evaluate, and bear all risks associated with, the use of the Gazette web sites and any content on the Gazette web sites, including, but not limited to, whether you should rely on such content. Notwithstanding the foregoing, you acknowledge that we shall have the right (but not the obligation) to review any content that you have submitted to the Gazette, and to reject, delete, disable, or remove any content that we determine, in our sole discretion, (a) does not comply with the terms and conditions of this agreement; (b) might violate any law, infringe upon the rights of third parties, or subject us to liability for any reason; or (c) might adversely affect our public image, reputation or goodwill. Moreover, we reserve the right to reject, delete, disable, or remove any content at any time, for the reasons set forth above, for any other reason, or for no reason. If you believe that any content on any of the Gazette web sites infringes upon any copyrights that you own, please contact us pursuant to the procedures outlined in the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (Title 17 U.S.C. § 512) at the following address:

Copyright Agent
The Texarkana Gazette
15 Pine Street
Texarkana, TX 75501
Phone: 903-794-3311
Email: webeditor@texarkanagazette.com