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Czech-born Hollywood director Ivan Passer dies

by New York Times News Service | January 15, 2020 at 3:56 a.m. | Updated January 15, 2020 at 3:57 a.m.

Ivan Passer, a director who, along with Milos Forman and others, ushered in the filmmaking movement known as the Czech New Wave in the 1960s, then went on to direct American features including "Born to Win," "Cutter's Way" and "Creator," died Thursday at his home in Reno, Nevada. He was 86.

Rodney Sumpter, a lawyer and spokesman for his family, said the cause was obstructive pulmonary disease.

Passer's debut feature, "Intimate Lighting," released in Czechoslovakia in 1965, was widely hailed as helping to establish a new level of cinema in that country, where Forman's early success, "Loves of a Blonde," had been released the same year.

"Intimate Lighting" was a sparse, elegantly told tale of a cellist from Prague who visits a country town for a concert and reunites with an old friend. The film drew acclaim when it played at the New York Film Festival in 1966 and again when it was given a theatrical release in the United States in 1969.

"It is one of those very special movies that does not so much reveal new secrets each time you see it as confirm a justness and good humor that was never hidden," Roger Greenspun wrote in The New York Times.

Early that same year, Passer had left his homeland for good, the Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 having squelched the liberalization and artistic flowering of earlier in the decade.

In 1971, two years after he immigrated to the United States, he directed his second feature, a New York story with American actors. It was "Born to Win," a comic drama about a middle-aged drug addict played by George Segal. Critics didn't like the attempt to wring comedy out of drug addiction.

After two more comedies, "Law and Disorder" (1974) and "Silver Bears" (1977), he had one of his biggest successes in 1981 with "Cutter's Way,"a dark mystery that starred John Heard and Jeff Bridges.

"'Cutter's Way' grabs you by the throat and pulls you, kicking and screaming, into an America gone mad," Michael Blowen wrote in his review in The Boston Globe.

"Passer, obviously not satisfied with an outstanding thriller laced with superb performances, digs even deeper into the material," he wrote. "In one simple sequence featuring a parade, the Czechoslovakian-born Passer presents a spare view of the American class system. Each decorative float is reserved for one race, religion, nationality or class. There are smiling Mexicans, Indians, blacks and whites - each in their separate, but equal, spaces. America, he implies, is a country where the melting pot is a myth and where integration is impossible."

Passer was born on July 10, 1933, in Prague. He and Forman were students together at the King George boarding school in Podebrady, and again at the Film and Television School of the Academy of the Performing Arts in Prague (although Passer did not graduate).

He was an assistant director on Forman's "Black Peter" in 1964 as well as on "Loves of a Blonde," for which he was also one of several writers. He also wrote another Forman film, "The Firemen's Ball," released in 1967.

If Passer never achieved the fame of his friend Forman, a two-time Oscar winner who died in 2018, it was in part because of his laid-back approach to his profession.

"I never wanted to direct," he told The Boston Globe in 1985. "I didn't like the hustle."  that I was being judged all the time. I would like to be totally invisible."


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