Today in History: March 14, Eli Whitney patents cotton gin

Today is Tuesday, March 14, the 73rd day of 2023. There are 292 days left in the year.

Today's highlight in history:

On March 14, 1794, Eli Whitney received a patent for his cotton gin, an invention that revolutionized America's cotton industry. On this date:

In 1879, physicist Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany.

In 1939, the republic of Czechoslovakia was dissolved, opening the way for Nazi occupation of Czech areas and the separation of Slovakia.

In 1951, during the Korean War, United Nations forces recaptured Seoul.

In 1962, Democrat Edward M. Kennedy officially launched in Boston his successful candidacy for the U.S. Senate seat from Massachusetts once held by his brother, President John F. Kennedy. (Edward Kennedy served in the Senate for nearly 47 years.)

In 1964, a jury in Dallas found Jack Ruby guilty of murdering Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President John F. Kennedy, and sentenced him to death. (Both the conviction and death sentence were overturned, but Ruby died before he could be retried.)

In 1967, the body of President John F. Kennedy was moved from a temporary grave to a permanent memorial site at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia.

In 1980, a LOT Polish Airlines jet crashed while attempting to land in Warsaw, killing all 87 people aboard, including 22 members of a U.S. amateur boxing team.

In 1990, the Soviet Congress of People's Deputies held a secret ballot that elected Mikhail S. Gorbachev to a new, powerful presidency.

In 1995, American astronaut Norman Thagard became the first American to enter space aboard a Russian rocket as he and two cosmonauts blasted off aboard a Soyuz spacecraft, headed for the Mir space station.

In 2011, Neil Diamond, Alice Cooper, Tom Waits, Darlene Love, Dr. John and Leon Russell were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

In 2015, Robert Durst, a wealthy eccentric linked to two killings and his wife's disappearance, was arrested by the FBI in New Orleans on a murder warrant a day before HBO aired the final episode of a serial documentary about his life. (Durst would be convicted in the shooting death of his friend, Susan Berman; he died in January 2022 while serving a life sentence in California.) Ten years ago: During his first full day as pontiff, Pope Francis stopped by his Vatican hotel to pick up his luggage and pay the bill himself. Some 10,000 workers from across the European Union protested outside a summit of EU leaders in Brussels, demanding they end years of austerity and focus instead on curbing runaway unemployment with more spending. A nearly 19-hour standoff in Herkimer, New York, came to an end inside a cluttered, abandoned bar as police SWAT teams killed the suspect in four fatal shootings. The NHL's realignment plan was approved by the league's board of governors.

Five years ago: Tens of thousands of students across the country walked out of their classrooms to demand action on gun violence and school safety; the action came a month after the shooting that killed 17 people at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida. Stephen Hawking, the best-known theoretical physicist of his time, died at his home in Cambridge, England, at the age of 76; he had stunned doctors by living with the normally fatal illness ALS for more than 50 years. President Donald Trump chose Larry Kudlow, a longtime fixture on the CNBC business news network, to be his top economic aide.

One year ago: Russia and Ukraine opened a new round of talks even as Moscow's forces pounded away at Kyiv and other cities across the country in a punishing bombardment the Red Cross says has created "nothing short of a nightmare" for civilians. Leon Scharzbaum, a survivor of the Nazis' death camp at Auschwitz and a lifelong fighter for justice for the victims of the Holocaust, died at 101. Country music legend Dolly Parton announced she was pulling out of the nominations for the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame, saying she hadn't "earned that right." (She would later reverse course and accept induction into the hall.)

Today's Birthdays: Former astronaut Frank Borman is 95. Actor Michael Caine is 90. Composer-conductor Quincy Jones is 90. Actor Raymond J. Barry is 84. Country singer Michael Martin Murphey is 78. Rock musician Walt Parazaider (payr-ah-ZAY'-dur) (formerly with Chicago) is 78. Actor Steve Kanaly is 77. Comedian Billy Crystal is 75. Actor-writer-comedian-radio personality Rick Dees is 72. Country singer Jann Browne is 69. Actor Adrian Zmed is 69. Prince Albert II, the ruler of Monaco, is 65. Actor Laila Robins is 64. Actor Tamara Tunie (tuh-MAH'-ruh TOO'-nee) is 64. Producer-director-writer Kevin Williamson is 58. Actor Elise Neal is 57. Actor Gary Anthony Williams is 57. Actor Megan Follows is 55. Rock musician Michael Bland is 54. Country singer Kristian Bush is 53. Actor Betsy Brandt is 50. Actor Grace Park is 49. Actor Daniel Gillies is 47. Actor Corey Stoll is 47. Actor Jake Fogelnest is 44. Actor Chris Klein is 44. Actor Ryan Cartwright (TV: "Kevin Can Wait") is 42. Actor Kate Maberly is 41. Singer-musician Taylor Hanson (Hanson) is 40. Rep. Dan Crenshaw, R-Texas, is 39. Actor Jamie Bell is 37. Rock musician Este Haim (HY'-uhm) (Haim) is 37. NBA star Stephen Curry is 35. Actor Ansel Elgort is 29. Olympic gold medal gymnast Simone Biles is 26. Actor James Freedson-Jackson (Film: "The Strange Ones") is 21.