At 5:54 a.m. March 31, 2016 the A64 paper machine produced its last reel of paper, marking the final day of operation for one machine and setting the stage for a new era and the future of the Ashdown mill.
After employees shut down the machine, the work began with a three-month window to convert and startup the new A1 fluff pulp machine, with the ultimate goal of having the A1 machine to begin producing pulp by July 3.
The conversion and transformation of this machine will demonstrate the strength and fiber of the Domtar employees.
The A1 fluff pulp conversion project is the largest capital project in the new Domtar's history.
Once online, this new A1 machine will be one of the largest fluff-pulp machines in the world, according to the Domtar A1 fluff project update report.
When the A64 paper machine went down, the clock began a 93-day extended outage window to convert the machine to produce fluff pulp, said Tammy Waters, manager of communications and government relations.
In addition to the steel and copper, 1,200 cubic yards of concrete has been placed around shores of the effluent treatment ponds.
The demolition was completed and the construction crews are now in the process of building the new A1 machine.
"We physically had to dig some holes 40 to 50 feet deep to prepare for the new equipment," said Grygotis.
"We've had up to 500 people inside the building working at one time to help with the transformation. We've had a pretty steady drum beat of this pace going through the mill," said Grygotis.
Employees assigned to the A1 machine began an extensive two-month training process starting April 5. A motivational speaker was used to kick off the training process, which was very extensive in subject matter and methods.
"Enthusiasm quickly built among the team as they realized the significance of their role with the new beginning at Ashdown," Grygotis said.
"It's not just about buying the equipment and installing it. We're setting up the system. We've had to design a warehouse originally made for paper to pulp and plan the outbound shipments. We will probably have more shipments by rail than in the past. The rail shipments will be pretty substantial," he said.
The research to construct the paper machine and to determine the equipment needed has resulted in employees going to Europe and Finland to inspect prior to shipment.
These plans were announced in December 2014 to invest $160 million to permanently convert one of the Ashdown mill's three paper machines to produce annually up to 516,000 metric tons of premium fluff pulp.
The fluff pulp is the material used in absorbent products such as baby diapers, feminine hygiene and adult incontinence products and market/bale pulp is the products used to make various paper products.
"Domtar is also investing in a pulp bale line to give the mill the agility to manufacture paper-grade softwood bales depending on market conditions," Grygotis said.
"It's definitely a step forward, certainly with the decline in paper consumption across the U.S. and North America. Fluff pulp will make our company a global leader in a growing market," Grygotis said.
The fiber in pine trees, he said, resembles the fiber of cotton, but without all the negative attributes for growing cotton such as pesticides.
He said with this project Domtar intends to reach "a worldwide footprint" in manufacturing fluff pulp created by using the pine tree fiber.
Domtar is preparing the A1 machine to create the product with quality.
"Ensuring quality for key customers is a top priority. The A1 team has observed factory performance tests to ensure the equipment meets high standards. The laboratory area is being remodeled with the addition of state-of-the-art equipment," Grygotis said.
The quality team also is working with the Plymouth, N.C., mill to ensure the mill's quality program and system will exceed pulp customers' expectation, he said.
The Ashdown paper mill has a history of being innovative and pragmatic.
The history of the mill goes back to 1966.
In that year the only sign a new paper mill was going to be built south of Ashdown, Ark., in a 2,000-acre clearing along U.S.. Highway 71, was just that—a sign.
A year earlier, Nekoosa-Edwards Paper Co. (later Nekoosa Papers Inc.) owners decided to build a new paper mill, but the site had not been selected.
Several sites were considered in the South, but Arkansas finally was chosen because of the forests.
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers completed work on a new reservoir for flood control measure in Little River County.
The combination of the new reservoir, which could supply adequate water to a new mill, and the abundance of nearby wooded land enticed Nekoosa to build a pulp and paper mill.
Little River County residents approved a $50 million bond to fund the initial investment for the mill.
After the 1966 groundbreaking ceremony and two years of planning and construction, the Ashdown mill began operation July 17, 1968 with 450 employees and one paper machine, The Communicator.
In 1970, the Great Northern Paper Co., and the Nekoosa-Edwards Paper Co. merged to create Great Northern Nekoosa Corp.
After several expansions, Great Northern Nekoosa Corp., approved funding for the fourth major expansion of the Ashdown mill on Jan. 4, 1989, according to news reports.
The $500 million-plus expansion began in mid-1989, featuring the world's largest fine paper machine, capable of producing more than 900 tons per day, increasing production by 67 percent.
On March 6, 1990, the mill officially became Georgia-Pacific Corp., Ashdown Operation.
Domtar purchased the mill Aug. 4, 2001. With Domtar, the Ashdown mill continues to thrive and provide products worldwide.